ERA-NETs are - in addition to BILAT and INCO-NET projects - the main instrument used for activities in the area of International Cooperation of the Capacities programme of the 7th Research Framework Programme. ERA-NETs are a coordination action that aim at reducing the fragmentation of the ERA resulting from the coexistence of several national and regional public research programmes by favouring actions supported together by several Member States and the Commission (such as joint calls, joint programmes, etc.).
An ERA-NET can include the following activities:
Two specific types of ERA-NETs exist:
The ERA-NET instrument exists since the 6th Framework Programme (2002-2006), under which 71 ERA-NETs were supported. Only a few ERA-NETs are horizontal, i.e. international ERA-NETS that target the cooperation with a selected third country.
For a full list of all ERA-NETs under FP6 see: http://cordis.europa.eu/coordination/projects.htm.
All running ERA-NETs under FP7 are listed at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/coordination/era-actions_en.html.
'Speaking with one voice' European Commission publication featuring information on all 5 international ERA-NETs of FP7